#ifndef MSDOS static char rcsid[] = "$Id: inflate.c,v 1.1 1994/10/19 16:27:27 brian Exp $"; #endif /* inflate.c -- put in the public domain by Mark Adler version c14o, 23 August 1994 */ /* You can do whatever you like with this source file, though I would prefer that if you modify it and redistribute it that you include comments to that effect with your name and the date. Thank you. History: vers date who what ---- --------- -------------- ------------------------------------ a ~~ Feb 92 M. Adler used full (large, one-step) lookup table b1 21 Mar 92 M. Adler first version with partial lookup tables b2 21 Mar 92 M. Adler fixed bug in fixed-code blocks b3 22 Mar 92 M. Adler sped up match copies, cleaned up some b4 25 Mar 92 M. Adler added prototypes; removed window[] (now is the responsibility of unzip.h--also changed name to slide[]), so needs diffs for unzip.c and unzip.h (this allows compiling in the small model on MSDOS); fixed cast of q in huft_build(); b5 26 Mar 92 M. Adler got rid of unintended macro recursion. b6 27 Mar 92 M. Adler got rid of nextbyte() routine. fixed bug in inflate_fixed(). c1 30 Mar 92 M. Adler removed lbits, dbits environment variables. changed BMAX to 16 for explode. Removed OUTB usage, and replaced it with flush()-- this was a 20% speed improvement! Added an explode.c (to replace unimplod.c) that uses the huft routines here. Removed register union. c2 4 Apr 92 M. Adler fixed bug for file sizes a multiple of 32k. c3 10 Apr 92 M. Adler reduced memory of code tables made by huft_build significantly (factor of two to three). c4 15 Apr 92 M. Adler added NOMEMCPY do kill use of memcpy(). worked around a Turbo C optimization bug. c5 21 Apr 92 M. Adler added the WSIZE #define to allow reducing the 32K window size for specialized applications. c6 31 May 92 M. Adler added some typecasts to eliminate warnings c7 27 Jun 92 G. Roelofs added some more typecasts (444: MSC bug). c8 5 Oct 92 J-l. Gailly added ifdef'd code to deal with PKZIP bug. c9 9 Oct 92 M. Adler removed a memory error message (~line 416). c10 17 Oct 92 G. Roelofs changed ULONG/UWORD/byte to ulg/ush/uch, removed old inflate, renamed inflate_entry to inflate, added Mark's fix to a comment. c10.5 14 Dec 92 M. Adler fix up error messages for incomplete trees. c11 2 Jan 93 M. Adler fixed bug in detection of incomplete tables, and removed assumption that EOB is the longest code (bad assumption). c12 3 Jan 93 M. Adler make tables for fixed blocks only once. c13 5 Jan 93 M. Adler allow all zero length codes (pkzip 2.04c outputs one zero length code for an empty distance tree). c14 12 Mar 93 M. Adler made inflate.c standalone with the introduction of inflate.h. c14b 16 Jul 93 G. Roelofs added (unsigned) typecast to w at 470. c14c 19 Jul 93 J. Bush changed v[N_MAX], l[288], ll[28x+3x] arrays to static for Amiga. c14d 13 Aug 93 J-l. Gailly de-complicatified Mark's c[*p++]++ thing. c14e 8 Oct 93 G. Roelofs changed memset() to memzero(). c14f 22 Oct 93 G. Roelofs renamed quietflg to qflag; made Trace() conditional; added inflate_free(). c14g 28 Oct 93 G. Roelofs changed l/(lx+1) macro to pointer (Cray bug) c14h 7 Dec 93 C. Ghisler huft_build() optimizations. c14i 9 Jan 94 A. Verheijen set fixed_t{d,l} to NULL after freeing; G. Roelofs check NEXTBYTE macro for EOF. c14j 23 Jan 94 G. Roelofs removed Ghisler "optimizations"; ifdef'd EOF check. c14k 27 Feb 94 G. Roelofs added some typecasts to avoid warnings. c14l 9 Apr 94 G. Roelofs fixed split comments on preprocessor lines to avoid bug in Encore compiler. c14m 7 Jul 94 P. Kienitz modified to allow assembler version of inflate_codes() (define ASM_INFLATECODES) c14n 22 Jul 94 G. Roelofs changed fprintf to FPRINTF for DLL versions c14o 23 Aug 94 C. Spieler added a newline to a debug statement; G. Roelofs added another typecast to avoid MSC warning */ /* Inflate deflated (PKZIP's method 8 compressed) data. The compression method searches for as much of the current string of bytes (up to a length of 258) in the previous 32K bytes. If it doesn't find any matches (of at least length 3), it codes the next byte. Otherwise, it codes the length of the matched string and its distance backwards from the current position. There is a single Huffman code that codes both single bytes (called "literals") and match lengths. A second Huffman code codes the distance information, which follows a length code. Each length or distance code actually represents a base value and a number of "extra" (sometimes zero) bits to get to add to the base value. At the end of each deflated block is a special end-of-block (EOB) literal/ length code. The decoding process is basically: get a literal/length code; if EOB then done; if a literal, emit the decoded byte; if a length then get the distance and emit the referred-to bytes from the sliding window of previously emitted data. There are (currently) three kinds of inflate blocks: stored, fixed, and dynamic. The compressor outputs a chunk of data at a time and decides which method to use on a chunk-by-chunk basis. A chunk might typically be 32K to 64K, uncompressed. If the chunk is uncompressible, then the "stored" method is used. In this case, the bytes are simply stored as is, eight bits per byte, with none of the above coding. The bytes are preceded by a count, since there is no longer an EOB code. If the data is compressible, then either the fixed or dynamic methods are used. In the dynamic method, the compressed data is preceded by an encoding of the literal/length and distance Huffman codes that are to be used to decode this block. The representation is itself Huffman coded, and so is preceded by a description of that code. These code descriptions take up a little space, and so for small blocks, there is a predefined set of codes, called the fixed codes. The fixed method is used if the block ends up smaller that way (usually for quite small chunks); otherwise the dynamic method is used. In the latter case, the codes are customized to the probabilities in the current block and so can code it much better than the pre-determined fixed codes can. The Huffman codes themselves are decoded using a mutli-level table lookup, in order to maximize the speed of decoding plus the speed of building the decoding tables. See the comments below that precede the lbits and dbits tuning parameters. */ /* Notes beyond the 1.93a appnote.txt: 1. Distance pointers never point before the beginning of the output stream. 2. Distance pointers can point back across blocks, up to 32k away. 3. There is an implied maximum of 7 bits for the bit length table and 15 bits for the actual data. 4. If only one code exists, then it is encoded using one bit. (Zero would be more efficient, but perhaps a little confusing.) If two codes exist, they are coded using one bit each (0 and 1). 5. There is no way of sending zero distance codes--a dummy must be sent if there are none. (History: a pre 2.0 version of PKZIP would store blocks with no distance codes, but this was discovered to be too harsh a criterion.) Valid only for 1.93a. 2.04c does allow zero distance codes, which is sent as one code of zero bits in length. 6. There are up to 286 literal/length codes. Code 256 represents the end-of-block. Note however that the static length tree defines 288 codes just to fill out the Huffman codes. Codes 286 and 287 cannot be used though, since there is no length base or extra bits defined for them. Similarily, there are up to 30 distance codes. However, static trees define 32 codes (all 5 bits) to fill out the Huffman codes, but the last two had better not show up in the data. 7. Unzip can check dynamic Huffman blocks for complete code sets. The exception is that a single code would not be complete (see #4). 8. The five bits following the block type is really the number of literal codes sent minus 257. 9. Length codes 8,16,16 are interpreted as 13 length codes of 8 bits (1+6+6). Therefore, to output three times the length, you output three codes (1+1+1), whereas to output four times the same length, you only need two codes (1+3). Hmm. 10. In the tree reconstruction algorithm, Code = Code + Increment only if BitLength(i) is not zero. (Pretty obvious.) 11. Correction: 4 Bits: # of Bit Length codes - 4 (4 - 19) 12. Note: length code 284 can represent 227-258, but length code 285 really is 258. The last length deserves its own, short code since it gets used a lot in very redundant files. The length 258 is special since 258 - 3 (the min match length) is 255. 13. The literal/length and distance code bit lengths are read as a single stream of lengths. It is possible (and advantageous) for a repeat code (16, 17, or 18) to go across the boundary between the two sets of lengths. */ #define PKZIP_BUG_WORKAROUND /* PKZIP 1.93a problem--live with it */ /* inflate.h must supply the uch slide[WSIZE] array and the NEXTBYTE, FLUSH() and memzero macros. If the window size is not 32K, it should also define WSIZE. If INFMOD is defined, it can include compiled functions to support the NEXTBYTE and/or FLUSH() macros. There are defaults for NEXTBYTE and FLUSH() below for use as examples of what those functions need to do. Normally, you would also want FLUSH() to compute a crc on the data. inflate.h also needs to provide these typedefs: typedef unsigned char uch; typedef unsigned short ush; typedef unsigned long ulg; This module uses the external functions malloc() and free() (and probably memset() or bzero() in the memzero() macro). Their prototypes are normally found in <string.h> and <stdlib.h>. */ #include <memory.h> #include <malloc.h> #define INFMOD /* tell inflate.h to include code to be compiled */ #include "inflate.h" #ifndef FPRINTF # define FPRINTF fprintf #endif #ifndef Trace # ifdef DEBUG # define Trace(x) fprintf x # else # define Trace(x) # endif #endif /* Huffman code lookup table entry--this entry is four bytes for machines that have 16-bit pointers (e.g. PC's in the small or medium model). Valid extra bits are 0..13. e == 15 is EOB (end of block), e == 16 means that v is a literal, 16 < e < 32 means that v is a pointer to the next table, which codes e - 16 bits, and lastly e == 99 indicates an unused code. If a code with e == 99 is looked up, this implies an error in the data. */ struct huft { uch e; /* number of extra bits or operation */ uch b; /* number of bits in this code or subcode */ union { ush n; /* literal, length base, or distance base */ struct huft *t; /* pointer to next level of table */ } v; }; /* Function prototypes */ #ifndef OF # ifdef __STDC__ # define OF(a) a # else /* !__STDC__ */ # define OF(a) () # endif /* ?__STDC__ */ #endif int huft_build (unsigned *, unsigned, unsigned, ush *, ush *, struct huft **, int *); int huft_free (struct huft *); int inflate_codes (struct huft *, struct huft *, int, int); int inflate_stored (void); int inflate_fixed (void); int inflate_dynamic (void); int inflate_block (int *); int inflate (void); int inflate_free (void); /* The inflate algorithm uses a sliding 32K byte window on the uncompressed stream to find repeated byte strings. This is implemented here as a circular buffer. The index is updated simply by incrementing and then and'ing with 0x7fff (32K-1). */ /* It is left to other modules to supply the 32K area. It is assumed to be usable as if it were declared "uch slide[32768];" or as just "uch *slide;" and then malloc'ed in the latter case. The definition must be in unzip.h, included above. */ unsigned wp; /* current position in slide */ /* Tables for deflate from PKZIP's appnote.txt. */ static unsigned border[] = { /* Order of the bit length code lengths */ 16, 17, 18, 0, 8, 7, 9, 6, 10, 5, 11, 4, 12, 3, 13, 2, 14, 1, 15}; static ush cplens[] = { /* Copy lengths for literal codes 257..285 */ 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, 27, 31, 35, 43, 51, 59, 67, 83, 99, 115, 131, 163, 195, 227, 258, 0, 0}; /* note: see note #13 above about the 258 in this list. */ static ush cplext[] = { /* Extra bits for literal codes 257..285 */ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 0, 99, 99}; /* 99==invalid */ static ush cpdist[] = { /* Copy offsets for distance codes 0..29 */ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13, 17, 25, 33, 49, 65, 97, 129, 193, 257, 385, 513, 769, 1025, 1537, 2049, 3073, 4097, 6145, 8193, 12289, 16385, 24577}; static ush cpdext[] = { /* Extra bits for distance codes */ 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10, 10, 11, 11, 12, 12, 13, 13}; /* And'ing with mask[n] masks the lower n bits */ ush mask[] = { 0x0000, 0x0001, 0x0003, 0x0007, 0x000f, 0x001f, 0x003f, 0x007f, 0x00ff, 0x01ff, 0x03ff, 0x07ff, 0x0fff, 0x1fff, 0x3fff, 0x7fff, 0xffff }; /* Macros for inflate() bit peeking and grabbing. The usage is: NEEDBITS(j) x = b & mask[j]; DUMPBITS(j) where NEEDBITS makes sure that b has at least j bits in it, and DUMPBITS removes the bits from b. The macros use the variable k for the number of bits in b. Normally, b and k are register variables for speed, and are initialized at the begining of a routine that uses these macros from a global bit buffer and count. In order to not ask for more bits than there are in the compressed stream, the Huffman tables are constructed to only ask for just enough bits to make up the end-of-block code (value 256). Then no bytes need to be "returned" to the buffer at the end of the last block. See the huft_build() routine. */ ulg bb; /* bit buffer */ unsigned bk; /* bits in bit buffer */ #ifndef CHECK_EOF # define NEEDBITS(n) {while(k<(n)){b|=((ulg)NEXTBYTE)<<k;k+=8;}} #else # define NEEDBITS(n) {while(k<(n)){int c=NEXTBYTE;if(c==EOF)return 1;\ b|=((ulg)c)<<k;k+=8;}} #endif /* Piet Plomp: change "return 1" to "break" */ #define DUMPBITS(n) {b>>=(n);k-=(n);} /* Huffman code decoding is performed using a multi-level table lookup. The fastest way to decode is to simply build a lookup table whose size is determined by the longest code. However, the time it takes to build this table can also be a factor if the data being decoded is not very long. The most common codes are necessarily the shortest codes, so those codes dominate the decoding time, and hence the speed. The idea is you can have a shorter table that decodes the shorter, more probable codes, and then point to subsidiary tables for the longer codes. The time it costs to decode the longer codes is then traded against the time it takes to make longer tables. This results of this trade are in the variables lbits and dbits below. lbits is the number of bits the first level table for literal/ length codes can decode in one step, and dbits is the same thing for the distance codes. Subsequent tables are also less than or equal to those sizes. These values may be adjusted either when all of the codes are shorter than that, in which case the longest code length in bits is used, or when the shortest code is *longer* than the requested table size, in which case the length of the shortest code in bits is used. There are two different values for the two tables, since they code a different number of possibilities each. The literal/length table codes 286 possible values, or in a flat code, a little over eight bits. The distance table codes 30 possible values, or a little less than five bits, flat. The optimum values for speed end up being about one bit more than those, so lbits is 8+1 and dbits is 5+1. The optimum values may differ though from machine to machine, and possibly even between compilers. Your mileage may vary. */ int lbits = 9; /* bits in base literal/length lookup table */ int dbits = 6; /* bits in base distance lookup table */ /* If BMAX needs to be larger than 16, then h and x[] should be ulg. */ #define BMAX 16 /* maximum bit length of any code (16 for explode) */ #define N_MAX 288 /* maximum number of codes in any set */ unsigned hufts; /* track memory usage */ int huft_build(unsigned int *b, unsigned int n, unsigned int s, ush *d, ush *e, struct huft **t, int *m) /* code lengths in bits (all assumed <= BMAX) */ /* number of codes (assumed <= N_MAX) */ /* number of simple-valued codes (0..s-1) */ /* list of base values for non-simple codes */ /* list of extra bits for non-simple codes */ /* result: starting table */ /* maximum lookup bits, returns actual */ /* Given a list of code lengths and a maximum table size, make a set of tables to decode that set of codes. Return zero on success, one if the given code set is incomplete (the tables are still built in this case), two if the input is invalid (all zero length codes or an oversubscribed set of lengths), and three if not enough memory. The code with value 256 is special, and the tables are constructed so that no bits beyond that code are fetched when that code is decoded. */ { unsigned a; /* counter for codes of length k */ unsigned c[BMAX+1]; /* bit length count table */ unsigned el; /* length of EOB code (value 256) */ unsigned f; /* i repeats in table every f entries */ int g; /* maximum code length */ int h; /* table level */ register unsigned i; /* counter, current code */ register unsigned j; /* counter */ register int k; /* number of bits in current code */ int lx[BMAX+1]; /* memory for l[-1..BMAX-1] */ int *l = lx+1; /* stack of bits per table */ register unsigned *p; /* pointer into c[], b[], or v[] */ register struct huft *q; /* points to current table */ struct huft r; /* table entry for structure assignment */ struct huft *u[BMAX]; /* table stack */ static unsigned v[N_MAX]; /* values in order of bit length */ register int w; /* bits before this table == (l * h) */ unsigned x[BMAX+1]; /* bit offsets, then code stack */ unsigned *xp; /* pointer into x */ int y; /* number of dummy codes added */ unsigned z; /* number of entries in current table */ /* Generate counts for each bit length */ el = n > 256 ? b[256] : BMAX; /* set length of EOB code, if any */ memzero((char *)c, sizeof(c)); p = b; i = n; do { c[*p]++; p++; /* assume all entries <= BMAX */ } while (--i); if (c[0] == n) /* null input--all zero length codes */ { *t = (struct huft *)NULL; *m = 0; return 0; } /* Find minimum and maximum length, bound *m by those */ for (j = 1; j <= BMAX; j++) if (c[j]) break; k = j; /* minimum code length */ if ((unsigned)*m < j) *m = j; for (i = BMAX; i; i--) if (c[i]) break; g = i; /* maximum code length */ if ((unsigned)*m > i) *m = i; /* Adjust last length count to fill out codes, if needed */ for (y = 1 << j; j < i; j++, y <<= 1) if ((y -= c[j]) < 0) return 2; /* bad input: more codes than bits */ if ((y -= c[i]) < 0) return 2; c[i] += y; /* Generate starting offsets into the value table for each length */ x[1] = j = 0; p = c + 1; xp = x + 2; while (--i) { /* note that i == g from above */ *xp++ = (j += *p++); } /* Make a table of values in order of bit lengths */ p = b; i = 0; do { if ((j = *p++) != 0) v[x[j]++] = i; } while (++i < n); /* Generate the Huffman codes and for each, make the table entries */ x[0] = i = 0; /* first Huffman code is zero */ p = v; /* grab values in bit order */ h = -1; /* no tables yet--level -1 */ w = l[-1] = 0; /* no bits decoded yet */ u[0] = (struct huft *)NULL; /* just to keep compilers happy */ q = (struct huft *)NULL; /* ditto */ z = 0; /* ditto */ /* go through the bit lengths (k already is bits in shortest code) */ for (; k <= g; k++) { a = c[k]; while (a--) { /* here i is the Huffman code of length k bits for value *p */ /* make tables up to required level */ while (k > w + l[h]) { w += l[h++]; /* add bits already decoded */ /* compute minimum size table less than or equal to *m bits */ z = (z = g - w) > (unsigned)*m ? *m : z; /* upper limit */ if ((f = 1 << (j = k - w)) > a + 1) /* try a k-w bit table */ { /* too few codes for k-w bit table */ f -= a + 1; /* deduct codes from patterns left */ xp = c + k; while (++j < z) /* try smaller tables up to z bits */ { if ((f <<= 1) <= *++xp) break; /* enough codes to use up j bits */ f -= *xp; /* else deduct codes from patterns */ } } if ((unsigned)w + j > el && (unsigned)w < el) j = el - w; /* make EOB code end at table */ z = 1 << j; /* table entries for j-bit table */ l[h] = j; /* set table size in stack */ /* allocate and link in new table */ if ((q = (struct huft *)malloc((z + 1)*sizeof(struct huft))) == (struct huft *)NULL) { if (h) huft_free(u[0]); return 3; /* not enough memory */ } hufts += z + 1; /* track memory usage */ *t = q + 1; /* link to list for huft_free() */ *(t = &(q->v.t)) = (struct huft *)NULL; u[h] = ++q; /* table starts after link */ /* connect to last table, if there is one */ if (h) { x[h] = i; /* save pattern for backing up */ r.b = (uch)l[h-1]; /* bits to dump before this table */ r.e = (uch)(16 + j); /* bits in this table */ r.v.t = q; /* pointer to this table */ j = (i & ((1 << w) - 1)) >> (w - l[h-1]); u[h-1][j] = r; /* connect to last table */ } } /* set up table entry in r */ r.b = (uch)(k - w); if (p >= v + n) r.e = 99; /* out of values--invalid code */ else if (*p < s) { r.e = (uch)(*p < 256 ? 16 : 15); /* 256 is end-of-block code */ r.v.n = *p++; /* simple code is just the value */ } else { r.e = (uch)e[*p - s]; /* non-simple--look up in lists */ r.v.n = d[*p++ - s]; } /* fill code-like entries with r */ f = 1 << (k - w); for (j = i >> w; j < z; j += f) q[j] = r; /* backwards increment the k-bit code i */ for (j = 1 << (k - 1); i & j; j >>= 1) i ^= j; i ^= j; /* backup over finished tables */ while ((i & ((1 << w) - 1)) != x[h]) w -= l[--h]; /* don't need to update q */ } } /* return actual size of base table */ *m = l[0]; /* Return true (1) if we were given an incomplete table */ return y != 0 && g != 1; } int huft_free(struct huft *t) /* table to free */ /* Free the malloc'ed tables built by huft_build(), which makes a linked list of the tables it made, with the links in a dummy first entry of each table. */ { register struct huft *p, *q; /* Go through linked list, freeing from the malloced (t[-1]) address. */ p = t; while (p != (struct huft *)NULL) { q = (--p)->v.t; free(p); p = q; } return 0; } #ifdef ASM_INFLATECODES # define inflate_codes(tl,td,bl,bd) flate_codes(tl,td,bl,bd,(uch *)slide) int flate_codes OF((struct huft *, struct huft *, int, int, uch *)); #else int inflate_codes(struct huft *tl, struct huft *td, int bl, int bd) /* literal/length and distance decoder tables */ /* number of bits decoded by tl[] and td[] */ /* inflate (decompress) the codes in a deflated (compressed) block. Return an error code or zero if it all goes ok. */ { register unsigned e; /* table entry flag/number of extra bits */ unsigned n, d; /* length and index for copy */ unsigned w; /* current window position */ struct huft *t; /* pointer to table entry */ unsigned ml, md; /* masks for bl and bd bits */ register ulg b; /* bit buffer */ register unsigned k; /* number of bits in bit buffer */ /* make local copies of globals */ b = bb; /* initialize bit buffer */ k = bk; w = wp; /* initialize window position */ /* inflate the coded data */ ml = mask[bl]; /* precompute masks for speed */ md = mask[bd]; while (1) /* do until end of block */ { NEEDBITS((unsigned)bl) if ((e = (t = tl + ((unsigned)b & ml))->e) > 16) do { if (e == 99) return 1; DUMPBITS(t->b) e -= 16; NEEDBITS(e) } while ((e = (t = t->v.t + ((unsigned)b & mask[e]))->e) > 16); DUMPBITS(t->b) if (e == 16) /* then it's a literal */ { slide[w++] = (uch)t->v.n; if (w == WSIZE) { FLUSH(w); w = 0; } } else /* it's an EOB or a length */ { /* exit if end of block */ if (e == 15) break; /* get length of block to copy */ NEEDBITS(e) n = t->v.n + ((unsigned)b & mask[e]); DUMPBITS(e); /* decode distance of block to copy */ NEEDBITS((unsigned)bd) if ((e = (t = td + ((unsigned)b & md))->e) > 16) do { if (e == 99) return 1; DUMPBITS(t->b) e -= 16; NEEDBITS(e) } while ((e = (t = t->v.t + ((unsigned)b & mask[e]))->e) > 16); DUMPBITS(t->b) NEEDBITS(e) d = w - t->v.n - ((unsigned)b & mask[e]); DUMPBITS(e) /* do the copy */ do { n -= (e = (e = WSIZE - ((d &= WSIZE-1) > w ? d : w)) > n ? n : e); #ifndef NOMEMCPY if (w - d >= e) /* (this test assumes unsigned comparison) */ { memcpy(slide + w, slide + d, e); w += e; d += e; } else /* do it slow to avoid memcpy() overlap */ #endif /* !NOMEMCPY */ do { slide[w++] = slide[d++]; } while (--e); if (w == WSIZE) { FLUSH(w); w = 0; } } while (n); } } /* restore the globals from the locals */ wp = w; /* restore global window pointer */ bb = b; /* restore global bit buffer */ bk = k; /* done */ return 0; } #endif /* ASM_INFLATECODES */ int inflate_stored(void) /* "decompress" an inflated type 0 (stored) block. */ { unsigned n; /* number of bytes in block */ unsigned w; /* current window position */ register ulg b; /* bit buffer */ register unsigned k; /* number of bits in bit buffer */ /* make local copies of globals */ Trace((stderr, "\nstored block")); b = bb; /* initialize bit buffer */ k = bk; w = wp; /* initialize window position */ /* go to byte boundary */ n = k & 7; DUMPBITS(n); /* get the length and its complement */ NEEDBITS(16) n = ((unsigned)b & 0xffff); DUMPBITS(16) NEEDBITS(16) if (n != (unsigned)((~b) & 0xffff)) return 1; /* error in compressed data */ DUMPBITS(16) /* read and output the compressed data */ while (n--) { NEEDBITS(8) slide[w++] = (uch)b; if (w == WSIZE) { FLUSH(w); w = 0; } DUMPBITS(8) } /* restore the globals from the locals */ wp = w; /* restore global window pointer */ bb = b; /* restore global bit buffer */ bk = k; return 0; } /* Globals for literal tables (built once) */ struct huft *fixed_tl = (struct huft *)NULL; struct huft *fixed_td; int fixed_bl, fixed_bd; int inflate_fixed(void) /* decompress an inflated type 1 (fixed Huffman codes) block. We should either replace this with a custom decoder, or at least precompute the Huffman tables. */ { /* if first time, set up tables for fixed blocks */ Trace((stderr, "\nliteral block")); if (fixed_tl == (struct huft *)NULL) { int i; /* temporary variable */ static unsigned l[288]; /* length list for huft_build */ /* literal table */ for (i = 0; i < 144; i++) l[i] = 8; for (; i < 256; i++) l[i] = 9; for (; i < 280; i++) l[i] = 7; for (; i < 288; i++) /* make a complete, but wrong code set */ l[i] = 8; fixed_bl = 7; if ((i = huft_build(l, 288, 257, cplens, cplext, &fixed_tl, &fixed_bl)) != 0) { fixed_tl = (struct huft *)NULL; return i; } /* distance table */ for (i = 0; i < 30; i++) /* make an incomplete code set */ l[i] = 5; fixed_bd = 5; if ((i = huft_build(l, 30, 0, cpdist, cpdext, &fixed_td, &fixed_bd)) > 1) { huft_free(fixed_tl); fixed_tl = (struct huft *)NULL; return i; } } /* decompress until an end-of-block code */ return inflate_codes(fixed_tl, fixed_td, fixed_bl, fixed_bd) != 0; } int inflate_dynamic(void) /* decompress an inflated type 2 (dynamic Huffman codes) block. */ { int i; /* temporary variables */ unsigned j; unsigned l; /* last length */ unsigned m; /* mask for bit lengths table */ unsigned n; /* number of lengths to get */ struct huft *tl; /* literal/length code table */ struct huft *td; /* distance code table */ int bl; /* lookup bits for tl */ int bd; /* lookup bits for td */ unsigned nb; /* number of bit length codes */ unsigned nl; /* number of literal/length codes */ unsigned nd; /* number of distance codes */ #ifdef PKZIP_BUG_WORKAROUND static unsigned ll[288+32]; /* literal/length and distance code lengths */ #else static unsigned ll[286+30]; /* literal/length and distance code lengths */ #endif register ulg b; /* bit buffer */ register unsigned k; /* number of bits in bit buffer */ /* make local bit buffer */ Trace((stderr, "\ndynamic block")); b = bb; k = bk; /* read in table lengths */ NEEDBITS(5) nl = 257 + ((unsigned)b & 0x1f); /* number of literal/length codes */ DUMPBITS(5) NEEDBITS(5) nd = 1 + ((unsigned)b & 0x1f); /* number of distance codes */ DUMPBITS(5) NEEDBITS(4) nb = 4 + ((unsigned)b & 0xf); /* number of bit length codes */ DUMPBITS(4) #ifdef PKZIP_BUG_WORKAROUND if (nl > 288 || nd > 32) #else if (nl > 286 || nd > 30) #endif return 1; /* bad lengths */ /* read in bit-length-code lengths */ for (j = 0; j < nb; j++) { NEEDBITS(3) ll[border[j]] = (unsigned)b & 7; DUMPBITS(3) } for (; j < 19; j++) ll[border[j]] = 0; /* build decoding table for trees--single level, 7 bit lookup */ bl = 7; if ((i = huft_build(ll, 19, 19, NULL, NULL, &tl, &bl)) != 0) { if (i == 1) huft_free(tl); return i; /* incomplete code set */ } /* read in literal and distance code lengths */ n = nl + nd; m = mask[bl]; i = l = 0; while ((unsigned)i < n) { NEEDBITS((unsigned)bl) j = (td = tl + ((unsigned)b & m))->b; DUMPBITS(j) j = td->v.n; if (j < 16) /* length of code in bits (0..15) */ ll[i++] = l = j; /* save last length in l */ else if (j == 16) /* repeat last length 3 to 6 times */ { NEEDBITS(2) j = 3 + ((unsigned)b & 3); DUMPBITS(2) if ((unsigned)i + j > n) return 1; while (j--) ll[i++] = l; } else if (j == 17) /* 3 to 10 zero length codes */ { NEEDBITS(3) j = 3 + ((unsigned)b & 7); DUMPBITS(3) if ((unsigned)i + j > n) return 1; while (j--) ll[i++] = 0; l = 0; } else /* j == 18: 11 to 138 zero length codes */ { NEEDBITS(7) j = 11 + ((unsigned)b & 0x7f); DUMPBITS(7) if ((unsigned)i + j > n) return 1; while (j--) ll[i++] = 0; l = 0; } } /* free decoding table for trees */ huft_free(tl); /* restore the global bit buffer */ bb = b; bk = k; /* build the decoding tables for literal/length and distance codes */ bl = lbits; if ((i = huft_build(ll, nl, 257, cplens, cplext, &tl, &bl)) != 0) { if (i == 1 && !qflag) { FPRINTF(stderr, "(incomplete l-tree) "); huft_free(tl); } return i; /* incomplete code set */ } bd = dbits; if ((i = huft_build(ll + nl, nd, 0, cpdist, cpdext, &td, &bd)) != 0) { if (i == 1 && !qflag) { FPRINTF(stderr, "(incomplete d-tree) "); #ifdef PKZIP_BUG_WORKAROUND i = 0; } #else huft_free(td); } huft_free(tl); return i; /* incomplete code set */ #endif } /* decompress until an end-of-block code */ if (inflate_codes(tl, td, bl, bd)) return 1; /* free the decoding tables, return */ huft_free(tl); huft_free(td); return 0; } int inflate_block(int *e) /* last block flag */ /* decompress an inflated block */ { unsigned t; /* block type */ register ulg b; /* bit buffer */ register unsigned k; /* number of bits in bit buffer */ /* make local bit buffer */ b = bb; k = bk; /* read in last block bit */ NEEDBITS(1) *e = (int)b & 1; DUMPBITS(1) /* read in block type */ NEEDBITS(2) t = (unsigned)b & 3; DUMPBITS(2) /* restore the global bit buffer */ bb = b; bk = k; /* inflate that block type */ if (t == 2) return inflate_dynamic(); if (t == 0) return inflate_stored(); if (t == 1) return inflate_fixed(); /* bad block type */ return 2; } int inflate(void) /* decompress an inflated entry */ { int e; /* last block flag */ int r; /* result code */ unsigned h; /* maximum struct huft's malloc'ed */ /* initialize window, bit buffer */ wp = 0; bk = 0; bb = 0; /* decompress until the last block */ h = 0; do { hufts = 0; if ((r = inflate_block(&e)) != 0) return r; if (hufts > h) h = hufts; } while (!e); /* flush out slide */ FLUSH(wp); /* return success */ Trace((stderr, "\n%u bytes in Huffman tables (%d/entry)\n", h * sizeof(struct huft), sizeof(struct huft))); return 0; } int inflate_free(void) { if (fixed_tl != (struct huft *)NULL) { huft_free(fixed_td); huft_free(fixed_tl); fixed_td = fixed_tl = (struct huft *)NULL; } return 0; }

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